The EEA agreement not only ensures Norwegian companies access to the internal market, but it also guarantees Norwegian citizens equal rights as EEA citizens in the EU.
These rights are closely tied to the free movement of people, which is the core of union citizenship in the EU. Much of EU law has given Norwegians increased civil, social and economic rights in Europe. However, as a non-member of the EU, the political rights that is included in the union citizenship, do not apply for Norwegians.
Norwegian are therefore restricted from voting or standing as a candidate in the European Parliament. Furthermore, it is up to each EU country whether Norwegians can participate in the local election.